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Common questions and answers about garbage trucks

10 May 2021Email

Nowadays, because garbage trucks have become an indispensable part of urban construction, they often appears on the streets of the city and are widely used. The daily workload is even more numerous. Now the editor of CLW will share with you some common questions and answers about garbage trucks:

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Question 1: The main purpose of garbage trucks?

Answer: Garbage trucks mainly carry municipal garbage. They can also transport ash, sand, stone, soil and other bulk construction materials. They can also transport ore or coal in mines or coal construction.


Question 2: What are the types of garbage trucks?

Answer: According to the purpose: dump garbage truck, swing arm (dual-purpose pit and ground) garbage truck, sealed garbage truck (sealed cover, front sliding cover, hydraulic clamshell garbage truck), hanging bucket type Garbage trucks, pull-arm garbage trucks (hook-arm garbage trucks, detachable compartment garbage trucks), compactor garbage trucks (side loading, rear loader garbage trucks), kitchen garbage trucks (swill trucks), etc.


Question 3: Brief introduction of the function of the pull arm garbage truck?

Answer: The trash bucket of the pull-arm garbage truck can be hoisted up and down. The feature of this truck is that the trash bucket is separated from the body. It can realize the combined use of one trolley and multiple trash buckets for circular transportation, which fully improves the transportation capacity of the vehicle. It is especially suitable for short-distance transportation, such as the cleanup and transportation of urban garbage by the environmental sanitation department.


Question 4: The structure and main features of the swing arm garbage truck?

Answer: Swing arm garbage truck: It is composed of chassis, trash can (bucket), swing arm deceleration buffer cylinder, etc. Its characteristic is that the trash can can be separated from the car body, realizing the combined use of one truck and multiple trash cans.


Question 5: Can the garbage truck C1 driver's license be opened?

Answer: The general light-duty, miniature 1.5 tons can be driven by downloading the C1 driver's license of a freight car. The total length of the truck cannot exceed 6 meters. C1 can be driven according to the license.


Question 6: What are the common brands of garbage trucks?

Answer: The garbage truck can use Dongfeng chassis, Jiefang chassis, Foton chassis, Sinotruk chassis, Changan chassis, JAC chassis.


Question 7: The structure and features of the compactor garbage truck?

Answer: Compactor garbage truck: adopts electro-hydraulic integration technology, adopts a mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic combined automatic control system, and realizes garbage loading, crushing or flattening and strong force through special devices such as compartments, fillers, and dozers. Filling, and finally compacting the garbage into the carriage, and transporting it to the destination for automatic promotion and unloading. Its outstanding features: simple and efficient garbage collection, with repeated compression and peristaltic compression, high compression ratio, high loading quality, automatic operation, good power and environmental protection, and high efficiency of vehicle utilization.


Question 8: What is the body material of the garbage truck?

Answer: The materials of the garbage trucks are mostly carbon steel, stainless steel, and epoxy resin anticorrosive treatment inside.


Question 9: What is a docking garbage truck?

Answer: The docking garbage truck is a dedicated garbage truck for garbage compression station. It has an openable hydraulic back cover and loads compressed garbage blocks from the back, which increases the transportation volume of garbage. This car is sealed, which can also prevent secondary pollution during transportation.


Question 10: What are the main functions of the hydraulic system of the garbage truck?

Answer: The hydraulic system of the garbage truck plays a key role, and the special functions of automatic lifting and automatic unloading can be realized through this system. The use of high-quality lifting cylinders, operating valves, ferrule joints, high-pressure hoses and high-pressure steel pipes are reasonably installed. At the same time, reliable fixing devices are arranged to ensure that there is no leakage for a long time, to achieve reliability, convenient maintenance and prolong service life.


Question 11: What are the four stages in the working process of filling the compactor mechanism of the compactor garbage truck?

Answer: In the first stage, the swing plate swings upwards, ready to be inserted into the loose garbage.

In the second stage, the guide plate drives the swing plate to move downwards and inserts the loose garbage in the collection box.

In the third stage, the swing plate swings downward in an arc, scraping the garbage to make it enter the main compartment.

In the fourth stage, the guide plate drives the swing plate to move upward to fill the garbage into the main compartment, thus completing a filling cycle.


Question 12: What is the use of the lifting cylinder of a side loader garbage truck?

Answer: The lifting cylinder is mounted on the garbage truck and is used to lift the cargo box. It is divided into middle top lifting cylinder and front top lifting cylinder.

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